Endometriosis Treatment Can Improve Your Chances for Pregnancy

Endometriosis occurs when tissue known as the endometrium grows outside of the uterus instead of inside, where it is normally found. Symptoms may include pain before and during your menstrual cycle, as well as gastrointestinal upsets. This condition can also cause infertility. Dr. Sonja Kristiansen can can recommend safe and effective endometriosis treatment at our Houston, TX, practice. 

image of endometriosis
Endometriosis occurs when tissue that should grow inside your uterus grows outside of it.

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a painful condition that occurs when the inner lining of the uterus grows on the outside of the uterus. The condition can spread to your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvis. In a healthy uterus, the uterine tissue thickens throughout the menstrual cycle and then breaks down and exits during menstruation.

When tissue develops outside the uterus, it functions as usual. However, because it is not shed monthly through menstruation, the tissue continues to thicken and spread, causing irritation, scar tissue, adhesions, and abnormal bonding between tissues and organs. This can result in tubal damage or blockage, ovarian cysts, and damaged eggs, which can negatively affect your fertility.

Common Symptoms

The most common side effects of endometriosis occur during the menstrual cycle and can include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, constipation, diarrhea, and bloating. Other symptoms associated with endometriosis include:

  • Painful periods
  • Heavy periods
  • Intermittent bleeding in between periods
  • Pain when urinating
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Infertility

Because the symptoms of endometriosis can be nonexistent or mistaken for other conditions, such as IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), it is often misdiagnosed unless a transvaginal sonogram is performed. When meeting with your gynecologist during routine exams, it is important to review any and all symptoms to ensure a proper diagnosis.


If Dr. Kristiansen suspects endometriosis, she will perform a transvaginal sonogram to view the inside of your uterus and ovaries. During testing, Dr. Kristiansen can insert a small device, known as a transducer, into your vagina. This tool uses high-frequency sound wave technology to capture images on a nearby computer screen. These scans can be used to identify any uterine fibroids and ovarian cysts causing complications. In cases where further testing is required, Dr. Kristiansen may recommend an advanced laparoscopy evaluation. 

Contact Our Office

If you suspect you may have endometriosis, it is important to visit with a specialist who is board-certified in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (REI), such as Dr. Kristiansen. This can help to prevent further complications and improve your chances for a safe pregnancy and smooth delivery. Contact our office online today to schedule a consultation.

Dr. Sonja Kristiansen

Houston Fertility Center

Dr. Sonja Kristiansen is the founder and Medical Director of Houston Fertility Center. She is a board-certified Reproductive Endocrinologist Infertility (REI) specialist who is proud to help hopeful parents fulfill their dreams of having children. Our center is affiliated with the:

  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
  • American Society for Reproductive Medicine
  • Texas Medical Association

We provide convenient care for patients from greater Houston and visitors from out of town. For more information about our services, contact our office online or call (713) 225-5375 today.

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